Posted by: Venkat | March 3, 2009

Gita Chapter 1, Sloka 28 (part), 29, 30

Jai Sri Ram,

Priya Sadhaks,

I am very glad to start posting after a splendid navaratri. I was equally happy to see the list being kept busy all these days by your posts.

Please recite the dhyana slokas as always , recite the slokas recited so far( I believe everyone has memorized these slokas). Now memorize this sloka as you read it

Gita Chapter 1, Sloka  28 (part), 29, 30

aj=u*n= Wv==c=

d&{!<v=em=] sv=j=n=] k&:{[=, y=uy=uts=u] s=m=up=òsq=t=m=< ++â.äè++

s=Idònt= m=m= g==F==ò[=, m=uK=] c= p=irx=u{y=it= +

v=ep=q=uxc= x=rIre m=e, r=em=h{=*xc= j==y=t=e ++â.äï++

g==[#Iv=] s=]>]s=t=e hst==t=<, tv=k<: c=Ev= p=irdÄt=e +

n= c= x=kn==emy=< av=sq==t=u], B=>m=t=Iv= c= m=e m=n=/ ++â.àî++

sloka sanskrit to english transliteration

arjuna uvacha

drushtvemam swajanam krishna yuyutsum samupasthitam———-28 (part)

seedanti mama gAtrAni mukham cha parisushyati

vepathuscha sareere me romaharshascha jAyate———————-29

gAndeevam sramsate hastAttvakchaiva paridahyate

na cha saknomyavastAthum bhramateeva cha me mana:—————30

sloka translation

k&:{[= (krishna)- krishna ! ; d&{!<v== (drushtva) – seeing ;  wm=] (imam) – these ; sv=j=n=] (swajanam)- kinsmen ; s=m=up=òsq=t=m=< (samupasthitam)- assembled ; y=uy=uts=u] (yuyutsum)- with a desire to fight; m=m= (mama) – my ; g==F==ò[= (gAtrAni)- limbs ; s=Idònt= (seedanti)- fail ; m=uK=] c= (mukham cha)- also (my) mouth ; p=irx=u{y=it= ( parisushyati)- is parched up;  m=e (me) – my; x=rIre (sareere)- body ; v=ep=q=u/ c= (vepatu: cha)- also quivers; r=em=h{=*/ c= (roma harsha: cha)- horripilation ; j==y=t=e ( jAyate)- also happens;   g==[#Iv=] (gandeevam)- (my bow) Gandeevam ; s=]>]s=t=e (sramsate)- slips ; e hst==t=< (hastAt)- from my hands ; tv=k<: c=  Av= (tvak cha eva)- also my skin ; p=irdÄt=e (paridahyate)- burns ; n= c= x=kn==eim=(na cha saknomi )- (I) am not able to ; av=sq==t=u] (avastAthum)- stand ; m=e (me)- my ; e m=n=/ (mana:)- mind ;  B=>m=it= zv= (bhramati iva)- feels as if it is reeling.

Sloka meaning:

Arjuna said

Krishna ! seeing these kinsmen assembled with a desire to fight, my limbs fail; and  my mouth is parched up; My body  quivers; and there is horripilation;

Gandivam slips from my hands; and my skin burns.I am not able to stand and my mind feels as if it is reeling.


Arjuna’s subjective and objective expressions are given by him.

The subjective ones( which can only be felt and not seen by anyone) are 1. limbs failing burning 3. feeling of weakness ( not able to stand) 4. delusion as if reeling

The objective symptoms (which can be seen by an observer) are; mouth parched up; Bow slipping from hand and horripilation. Even these are a function of the above subjective symptoms and basically tied to the central cause of confusion arising out of (unnecessary) compassion.

Arjuna uses the name ` Krishna’ here for the first time. This name occurs in Gita nine times ( Swamy Ramsukhdas). This is the maximum time the Lord’s name is mentioned anywhere in the Gita. Sanjaya also uses the names  Krishna and Partha only in the last sloka.

Compare the `yuyutsum samupasthitam’ to `samaveta yuyutsava:’ of the first sloka told by Dhrutarashtra. The blind king’s mind was riveted on the welfare on his sons only. But here Arjuna’s compassion extends even to enemies and he calls them `swajanam’- our kinsmen.

In sloka 20, Arjuna lifted his bow on seeing the enemies’ dhanurudhyamya’. But now he has been overcome by confusion and he calls them relatives and  worse , lets his bow fall out of his hands out of sheer powerlessness. Still worse, he is not able to stand.

I request everyone to imagine themselves how they felt or what they did in times of crises. Did we run away from them, faced them, or let it run over us ?

Arjuna is at the crossroads of his life. If he fights, he has to see his whole caste dying. If he leaves, he will be branded a coward and banished from his tribe and live with such a bad reputation lifelong.

Arjuna needs to convince Krishna that war indeed is horrible. But how does he do it ? Arjuna’s logic of putting forth his line of thoughts will be seen in the coming slokas. To any new reader, these arguments will look sound . But we have the master of the situation , Sree Krishna also here. We are going to see also how he dismantles Arjuna’s case question by question.

Be carefully on the lookout for even minute details of Arjuna’s questions. Every one of them is going to be answered. Even if the commentators have missed something, you might pick up a question that is hidden. Even that will be answered.

Krishna’s towering divine wisdom is going to engulf us soon. But we have to memorize every question now itself. Read it , chew it again and again.

Hare Krishna


Please download the Sanskrit font here

Please download the Gita Audio here



  1. Hello!
    Very Interesting post! Thank you for such interesting resource!
    PS: Sorry for my bad english, I’v just started to learn this language 😉
    See you!
    Your, Raiul Baztepo

  2. Excellant attempt to spread “Gita Saraamsh” through this powerful media.
    Thanks a lot. A layman like me can get educated and try to understand the human life.

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