Posted by: Venkat | April 7, 2008

Srimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1, sloka 4,5,6

Priya Sadhaks,

Please recite the Dhyana slokas aloud. Recite the first sloka also aloud. Also memorize these slokas as you study it.

Srimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1, sloka 4,5,6

aF= x=Ur= m=he{v==s==, B=Im==j=*un=s=m== y=uiQ= +

y=uy=uQ==n==e iv=r=!xc=, 7up=dxc= m=h=rq=/ ++â.å++

Q=&{!ke:t=ux=< c=eik:t==n=/, k:=ix=r=j=xc= v=Iy=*v==n=< +

p=uoòj=t=< ku:ûnt=B==ej=xc=, x=Eby=xc= n=rp=uV<g=v=/ ++â.ç++

y=uQ==m=ny=uxc= iv=k>:=nt=, WT=m==Ej==xc= v=Iy=*v==n=< +

s==EB=7=e 7=Ep=dey==xc=, s=v=* Av= m=h=rq==/ ++â.ê++

Sloka Transliteration- Sanskrit to English

The three slokas have to be studied together to give correct
continuity. All those doing parayana, please get them by heart as a
unit. From today’s post there is an attempt to show the Dheerga of
“akara” as “A”, whereas the maddhyama is given just as “a”

Gita Chapter 1 , sloka 4, 5, 6

atra soorA maheshvAsA bheemArjunasamA yudhi |
yuyudhAno virAtascha drupadascha mahAratha: || ———–4

dhrushtaketuschekitana: kAshirajascha veeryavAn |
purujitkuntibhojascha shaibyascha narapungava: || ——– 5

yudhAmanyuscha vikrAnta uttamoujascha veeryavAn |
sowbhadro drowpadeyAscha sarva eva maharathA: || ———-6

sloka word to word meaning:

aF= (atra) – here(in the pandava army); x=Ur= (soorA) – brave warriors; m=he{v==s== c= (maheshvasA: cha) – with large bows(who are); s=m== (samA)-equal to ; B=Im==j=*un= (bheemArjuna 🙂 – Bheema and Arjuna; y=uiQ= (yudhi)- in warfare; y=uy=uQ==n=/ (yuyudhAna:) – (they are) yuyudhana(satyaki), iv=r=!/ c= (virAta: cha) – king of Virata ; m=h=rq=/ (mahAratha:) – maharathi; 7up=d/ (Drupada:) – king Drupada; Q=&{!ke:t=u (dhrushtaketu: cha) – Dhrushtakethu; c=eik:t==n=/ (chekitana: cha) – Chekitana; v=Iy=*v==n=< (veeryavan) – the valiant; k:=ix=r=j=/ c= ( kAshraja: cha) – King of Kashi; p=uoòj=t=< c= (purujit cha) – purujit; ku:ûnt=B==ej=/ c= (kunti bhoja; cha) – the brothers Kunti and Bhoja; n=rp=uV<g=v=/ (narapungava:) – the best amongst men (like); x=Eby=xc= (shaibya:) – shaibya; iv=k>:=nt= (vikrAnta:) – the powerful; v=Iy=*v==n=< (veeryavAn) – the powerful; WT=m==Ej==/ (uttamoujA:) – Uttamouja; s==EB=7/ c= (sowbhadra: cha) – Abhimanyu, the son of Subhadra; 7=Ep=dey==/ (drowpadeya:)
– the five sons of Drowpadi; s=v=* Av= (sarva eva) – who are all; m=h=rq==/ (mahAratha:) –
maharathis( mighty warriors)

Slokas meaning:

Here, in the Pandava army, brave warriors with large bows who are
equal to Bheema and Arjuna in warfare. They are Yuyudhana, the king
of Virata, maharathi Drupada, Dhrushtakethu, Chekitana, the valiant
king of Kashi, Purujit, the brothers Kunti and Bhoja, the best amongst
humans like Shaibya, the powerful Yudhamanyu, the valiant Uttamouja,
Abhimanyu, the son of Subhadra and the five sons of Drowpadi- All
mighty warriors.

( I greatly derive all these following from Swamy Ramsukhdasji’s
Sadhak Sanjivani, All glory be to him)

Duryodhana mentions seventeen maharathis in these three slokas. eleven
by name and six without( but mentioning their mother’s names)

The eleven named maharathis are
King of Virata
Kashi Raja

The unnamed are Abhimanyu (son of Subhadra),
Prativindhya,Sutasoma,Srutakarma, Satanika, Srutasena( sons of
Drowpati, who were resectively born to the Pandavas in order of age)

Maharathi means a great chariot fighter. A Maharathi is one warrior
who leads ten thousand archers and one who knows ShAstra vidya (
education) and sastra vidya( warfare) .

Now to the personalities:-

“Yuyudhana”- Duryodana’s cunningness continues here in putting
Yuyudhana’s name first. Also known as Satyaki, he studied under
Arjuna. Even after Sri Krishna sent his one Akshouhini strong Narayani
sena to the Kourava side, Satyaki chose to remain with his Guru,
Arjuna. Duryodana reminds Drona that Arjuna, his prime disciple, is
against his teacher, whereas Arjuna’s pupil is firmly with him.
(Yuyudhana did not die in the Mahabharata war, but died in the
internal skirmishes of the Yadhavas)

“Virata”- King of Virata does not enjoy Drona’s affection or hatred.
Naming him second Duryodhana acts as if being without prejudice-
another of his ploys. Virata insulted our Susharma (?) and who
repulsed us all in the cow lifting war. ( Virata king was killed along
with his sons Uttara, Sweta and Sanga in the war)

“Drupada”- A great enemy of Drona who was his boyhood friend. When
Drona went to King Drupada’s court and reminded of their friendship
Drupada pooh poohed him and to add insult to the injury asked how a
frienship is possible between a King and a Beggar ( Brahmans are
supposed to take Bhiksha and eat whatever they get). After Drona
defeated Drupada in a war that ensued, Drupada begot a son just for
the elimination of Drona. ( was killed by Drona)

“Dhrushtakethu” – Son of Sisupala who was killed by Sri Krishna with
the Chakra in a royal court in front of everyone. This man, according
to Duryodhana is foolish as he is on the side of his father’s killers.
(was killed by Drona)

“Chekitana”- A Yadhava,who was in Sri Krishna’s Narayani sena. But
chose to fight for Pandavas. ( was killed by Duryodhana)

“Kashiraja”- A valiant king and powerful too. Duryodhana sound a note
of caution to Drona. (was killed in the war)

“Purujit and Kunitbhoja”- The brothers of Kunti devi. ( were killed by

“Shaibya”- Father in law of Yudhishtira, Great man and brave.

“Yudhamanyu and Uttamowja”- Belonging to Panchala desa and who are the
protectors of the wheels of Arjuna’s chariot. ( They were killed by
Aswattama, Drona’s son while they were asleep)

“Sowbhadra”- Abhimanyu, the son of Subhadra, who knew the art of
destroying the chakra formation ( vyuha) while still being in his
mother’s womb-(was tragically killed by six Kourava maharathis
including Karna when he was without weapons- a cowardly act by the
opponents especially Karna, a blemish which Krishna pointed out to him
in his dying moments when he asked what Adharma he did)

Drowpadheyascha- the sons od Drowpadhi- they were killed by Aswattama
while they were all asleep in the night.

Hare Krishna


Please download the Sanskrit font here

Please download the Gita Audio here


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