Recite the dhyana slokas aloud, and all the slokas recited so far. Please memorize this sloka as you study it.
Gita Chapter 1, sloka 47
Av=m=< Wktv==Cj=u*n=/ s=]Ky=e, rq==ep=sq= Wp==iv=x=t=< +
iv=s=&jy= s=x=r] c==p=], x==ek:s=]iv=gn=m==n=s=/ ++â.åë++
Sloka transliteration : Devanagari to English
evemuktvA (a)rjuna: sankhye rathopasta upAvishat |
visrujya sasaram chApam shoka samvignamanasa: ||————–47
Sloka word to word meaning:
Av=m=< (evam)- Thus ; Wktv== (uktva)- speaking; aj=u*n=/(arjuna :)- Arjuna ; Wp==iv=x=t=< (upAvishat)- sat down; rq==ep=sq= (rathopasta)- on the chariot base ; iv=s=&jy=(visrujya)- casting away (his) ; c==p=](chApam)- bow ; s=x=r] (sasaram)- (and) arrows ; x==ek:(shoka)- grief ; s=]iv=gn=( samvigna)- stricken ; m==n=s=/ ( mAnasa:)- at heart; s=]Ky=e,( sankhye)- in the battlefront
Thus speaking , Arjuna , sat down on the chariot base casting away his bow and arrows grief stricken at heart in the battlefront.
This is the final act. Arjuna throws away his weapons ! And sits down ! With a grief stricken heart. Compare this with the Arjuna who entered the battle field confidently and raised his weapon on seeing his foes ! He is totally in the grip of illusory forces. Was Krishna’s ploy of making Arjuna see both his and enemy forces the reason for Arjuna’s plight ?
Pushpika- (This is the customary concluding verse for each chapter that Sri Vyasa Gives)
Om tatsaditi srimad bhagavadgitAsu upanishatsu brahmavidyAyAm yogasAstre sri krishnArjuna samvAde arjuna vishAda yogo nAma prathamodhyAya:
Meaning:- Om Tat Sat. This is the first chapter named Arjuna Vishada Yoga ( Arjuna’s despondency) of Srimad Bhagavad Gita, the upanishad, the study of brahman, the yoga sastra, which is a conversation between Sri Krishna and Arjuna.
Om- let all the deficiencies of this book go away
Tat- let this give Bhagavan great happiness
Sat- let this give true lasting benefits
(Om Tat Sat is uttered after a holy act any mistakes that might have crept in since these are the names of Paramatma Himself)
Srimad- Which is full of spiritual wealth
Bhagavad- Consummate wealth(sampoorna Iswaryam), righteousness( Dharma), Pride, fame, wisdom (gnanam), detachment ( vairagyam) are the six qualites that combine to form Bhagam. Since they always are with this work it is ` Bhagavad’
A person sings when he is happy. Bhagavan also sang this in happiness. Hence it is `Gita’. As per Sanskrit grammar, it must have been `Gitam’. Since this is the essence of the upanishads, it is called in the female gender as `Gita’. ( in Sanskrit , even non living things have gender)
Since it teaches the ultimate truth without discrimination on varna, ashrama, ways( saiva, vaishnava, saktha etc), it is `Brahma Vidya’
Since it teaches the four yogas as part of the Brahma Vidya, it is also ` Yoga Sastra’
This is the conversation between Krishna and Arjuna- Hence `Sri Krishna Arjuna Samvade’
Arjuna Vishada Yogo nama , prathamodhyaya:
This pushpika is the same for all chapters except the underlined portions of the previous line will be replaced by the chapter name and the number respectively in order.
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